TAX PLANNING FROM THE KNOWLEDGE BUREAU
By Evelyn Jacks
It pays to file outstanding tax returns before year end, not only to
recover refunds that the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) may still owe you, but
also to avoid paying penalties and interest that would be charged for gross
negligence or in some cases, tax evasion. But also, when you don’t file on
time, you miss out on important tax-planning opportunities that may end for
you on Dec. 31. Here are eight important reasons to review your return
To the first point, it makes no sense to have the CRA hold on to your tax
refund. You will receive no interest payment from the government as it
holds on to your money. Leaving this money in their hands means that not
only is it being eroded by inflation, but you are also missing out on
opportunities to maximize tax-efficient investment opportunities for your
retirement. You must file a return to earn unused RRSP contribution room
and class capital losses incurred in a non-registered savings account and
earn in the marketplace in a registered or non-registered account.
Second, you must file a tax return to avoid penalties and interest if you
owe money to the CRA when any of the following circumstances apply to you.
Be sure to file a tax return immediately if:
You have taxable income and must pay federal or provincial income tax in
the current tax year or any of the three preceding tax years. This is the
normal statute of limitations for CRA to request additional information for
audit purposes. However, if CRA expects fraud, they can go back a full 10
A tax services specialist
can help you assess if it’s to your benefit to file or adjust returns, if
applicable, for the full 10-year period, whether or not fraud applies.
These returns or adjustments will be accepted by the CRA.
You have disposed of any capital property in the year, including a
principal residence, which requires the filing of form T2091 – Designation
of a Property as a Principal Residence by an Individual (Other Than a
Personal Trust). Failing to file a return in this situation comes with a
separate “failure to file” penalty of up to $8,000.
You will be required to repay OAS (Old Age Security) or EI (Employment
Insurance) benefits to the government.
You are repaying, or are required to repay, HBP (Home Buyer Plan) or LLP
(Lifelong Learning Plan) amounts to your RRSP through your tax return.
You are required to make contributions to the CPP or are electing not to
You are holding offshore properties with a cost of $100,000 or more and
must file form T1135 – Foreign Income Verification (whether or not you file
You received an advance on the Working Income Tax Benefit.
There is an eighth reason to file prior missed returns: The 2008 tax year
becomes statute-barred after Dec. 31, 2018. Be sure to recover potential
tax refunds, create unused RRSP contribution room, and log any losses
available for carryovers before then.
© 2018 The Knowledge Bureau, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted with
is the founder and President of Knowledge Bureau, which
brings continuing financial education in the multiple areas of
specialization to advisors and their clients. She is the author of 52
books on tax and wealth planning. This article
originally appeared in the
Knowledge Bureau Report. Follow Evelyn Jacks on Twitter
@EvelynJacks. Visit her blog at www.evelynjacks.com.
Notes and Disclaimer
The foregoing is for general information purposes only and is the opinion
of the writer. No guarantee of investment performance is made or implied.
It is not intended to provide specific personalized advice including,
without limitation, investment, financial, legal, accounting or tax advice.